Growing List of War Crimes in Syria

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

March 18, 2014 –  Summary executions, torture, starvation, sexual violence and the use of hospitals as headquarters are among the growing list of violations carried out by government and non-government forces in Syria, according to an update by the the Independent Commission of Inquiry (CoI) established by the UN Human Rights Council.

The update, presented to the Geneva-based Council on Tuesday, says that fighters belonging to the Islamic State of Iraq in Syria (ISIS) carried out summary executions of detainees in January and that ISIS, one of hundreds of non-state armed groups operating in the country, is using the Children’s Hospital in Aleppo as headquarters.

The report says that torture continues in government prisons and that there is a lack of food, causing death by starvation in some instances.

In a Military Intelligence branch in Damascus, detainees were harshly beaten, hung from the ceiling and walls, beaten with electric cables and subjected to psychological torture,” the report says. “One female detainee was locked in a room with dead bodies for three days.”

“Women were forced to strip and male officers performed intimate body searches,” the report states. “In Adra Central Prison, Damascus, pregnant detainees are suffering miscarriages, premature births and deaths of new-borns as a result of insanitary conditions and denial of medical treatment.”

The chair of the COI, Brazilian Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, said the Commission has a list of perpetrators responsible for the crimes but lack a mechanism to bring those responsible to justice.

“We do not lack information on crimes or on perpetrators. What we lack is a means by which to achieve justice and accountability,” he said. “It is for the Security Council to make this pursuit of justice possible.”

– Denis Fitzgerald
On Twitter @denisfitz