UN Inquiry: Syrians Live in World Where Everyday Decisions are Life and Death

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

June 17, 2014 – The UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria has conducted 3,000 interviews that collectively indicate “a massive number of war crimes and crimes against humanity,” the chair of the inquiry told the Human Rights Council on Tuesday.

Brazilian Sergio Pinheiro told the Council in his latest update that crimes are being committed daily against Syrian civilians and because of the Security Council’s failure to demand accountability “a space has been created for the worst of humanity to express itself.”

“Syrians live in a world where decisions about whether to go to the mosque for prayers, to the market for food and to send their children to school have become decisions about life and death.”

Pinheiro said the government continues to use barrel bombs causing widespread civilian casualties and, in particular, the city of Aleppo and towns in Dara’a countryside have come under “relentless assault.”

Armed groups have also shelled government-controlled areas of Aleppo and Damascus cities as well as towns in Latakia, he said, and in Homs city, more than a dozen car bombs have exploded in Shia and Armenian neighbourhoods since March.

“In many instances, these bombings appear to target civilians, an act designed to spread terror.”

While the Security Council passed Resolution 2139 in February demanding unhindered access for humanitarian supplies, it has not been complied with by government or anti-government forces.

“Food is confiscated at checkpoints, as women are harassed and arrested for attempting to bring bread into besieged areas,” the Brazilian diplomat said. “At one checkpoint on the only road from Zabadani to Damascus, a large banner reads ‘Kneel or Starve.'”

He said the war has had a devastating impact on Syria’s economy “inflicting harm on livelihoods and habitat from which few Syrian families have escaped unscathed” adding that this hardship has been compounded by economic sanctions.

Pinheiro said military supplies provided by states  to warring parties are “used in the perpetration of war crimes and violations of human rights.”

“States cannot claim to prioritize a political settlement, while their actions demonstrate that their priorities lie in military escalation.”

He concluded his presentation to the Council by reiterating his demand for accountability. “In Syria, the majority of the population are victims of the current conflict. They are entitled to expect, in spite of all they have suffered, that justice will not be denied to them.”

– Denis Fitzgerald
On Twitter @denisfitz

Image: UN Photo/Violaine Martin

Growing List of War Crimes in Syria

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria

March 18, 2014 –  Summary executions, torture, starvation, sexual violence and the use of hospitals as headquarters are among the growing list of violations carried out by government and non-government forces in Syria, according to an update by the the Independent Commission of Inquiry (CoI) established by the UN Human Rights Council.

The update, presented to the Geneva-based Council on Tuesday, says that fighters belonging to the Islamic State of Iraq in Syria (ISIS) carried out summary executions of detainees in January and that ISIS, one of hundreds of non-state armed groups operating in the country, is using the Children’s Hospital in Aleppo as headquarters.

The report says that torture continues in government prisons and that there is a lack of food, causing death by starvation in some instances.

In a Military Intelligence branch in Damascus, detainees were harshly beaten, hung from the ceiling and walls, beaten with electric cables and subjected to psychological torture,” the report says. “One female detainee was locked in a room with dead bodies for three days.”

“Women were forced to strip and male officers performed intimate body searches,” the report states. “In Adra Central Prison, Damascus, pregnant detainees are suffering miscarriages, premature births and deaths of new-borns as a result of insanitary conditions and denial of medical treatment.”

The chair of the COI, Brazilian Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, said the Commission has a list of perpetrators responsible for the crimes but lack a mechanism to bring those responsible to justice.

“We do not lack information on crimes or on perpetrators. What we lack is a means by which to achieve justice and accountability,” he said. “It is for the Security Council to make this pursuit of justice possible.”

– Denis Fitzgerald
On Twitter @denisfitz