Oct. 15, 2015 – Diarrheal diseases are one of the leading causes of child deaths globally, responsible for an estimated 2.2. million deaths annually, more than from Malaria, HIV and Aids, and measles combined yet most homes in poorer countries lack handwashing facilities with soap and water.
Proper handwashing is key to reducing diarrheal diseases but according to a joint report from the World Health Organization and UNICEF less than 10 percent of homes in many low-income countries do not have soap and water.
The report, released ahead of World Handwashing Day, which is marked on Oct. 15th, showed that 1 percent of the population in Liberia, 2 percent in Rwanda and 3 percent in Malawi have a facility at home with soap and water.
The report was compiled from household surveys and analyzed results from 54 low and middle-income countries, mostly in Asia and Africa.
In Afghanistan, 39 percent of homes have a facility with soap and water while in Pakistan, the figure is 54 percent.
Of the African countries surveyed, Tunisia, 78 percent, and Namibia, 47 percent, had the highest rates of homes with soap and water facilities.
Other countries with low rates include Haiti, 22 percent, Central African Republic, 14 percent, Uganda, 8 percent and Sierra Leone, 7 percent.